Diagosing Diabetes Mellitus

If you think you're at risk of diabetes mellitus, or if you're experiencing symptoms of this disease, you should contact your GP as soon as possible so that you can be tested. Diabetes mellitus must be diagnosed as early possible and treated effectively so that you can manage the condition and reduce the risk of developing other health problems in the future.

When you visit your GP, they will ask you to describe the symptoms you are experiencing. The first test they will carry out will be to check whether there is any glucose in your urine. Urine does not normally contain glucose, so if there is some present it may be an indicator of diabetes. If glucose is found in your urine sample, your GP will then measure your blood glucose levels.

Your diabetes diagnosis will be confirmed if the test shows that you have a high level of sugar in your blood.

The Three Signs

There are three main symptoms which will present themselves to you if your blood sugar level climbs too high. These are:

Polyuria

The need to urinate

Polyuria guide

Polydipsia

Prolonged excessive thirst

Polydipsia guide

Polyphagia

Highly increased appetite

Polyphagia guide

If you experience one or all three of these symptoms, it is possible you could have developed diabetes. However, there are many other things that could cause these symptoms, particularly medications.

If you do display these symptoms, it is advisable to see your general practitioner as soon as possible.

What Other Health Conditions Could Indicate Diabetes?

As well as diabetes screening, doctors can also diagnose this disease when investigating a number of medical conditions that are often associated with diabetes mellitus. These conditions include:

  • High blood pressure and cholesterol levels
  • Coronary artery disease
  • Previous gestational diabetes
  • Polycystic ovary syndrome
  • Chronic pancreatitis
  • Fatty liver
  • Haemochromatosis
  • Cystic fibrosis
  • Mitochondrial neuropathies and myopathies
  • Myotonic dystrophy
  • Friedreich's ataxia
  • Inherited forms of neonatal hyperinsulinism

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